중앙헤럴드  시작페이지설정  즐겨찾기추가
Herald 500 Cover Campus News News Culture Archive English broadcastiong
최종편집 : 2019.10.10 목 18:58
Archive
Recovery of humanity - Community radio
손진상 reporter  |  zedushi@hanmail.net
폰트키우기 폰트줄이기 프린트하기 메일보내기 신고하기
승인 2008.04.05  21:47:07
트위터 페이스북 미투데이 요즘 네이버 구글 msn

   
 
   
 

During the Cuban Revolution, a guerrilla gang of Castro’s protected their precious shortwave radio transmitters, even if government troops were chasing them. Through radio broadcasting, they gave justifiable reasons for their revolution to farmers. It was a ‘pirate radio’.
Pirate radio is a broadcast without a government’s official permission. In the past, many pirate radio programs were broadcasted. At a certain frequency, a host can broadcast what he wants to say. However, nowadays, there are hardly ever any pirate radio stations. Instead of pirate radio, there is ‘community radio’, which is about reinvigorating a community or radio genre.
Community radio puts out little power. (소출력 라디오) The global standard of small radio is between 1 and 100 watts. The size of output varies among nations. In Korea, the output of community radio stations is lower than 10 watts. Since community radio has a small output, its broadcast area is within a five-kilometer radius. Budget and human resources are also inadequate so volunteers help with maintenance of the broadcasting studio, and community radio is a nonprofit organization that cannot relay on commercial broadcasts. It makes it harder to manage budgets.
 In Korea, there are eight regions managing community radio enterprises. In other countries like Japan, Australia, U.S.A and the United Kingdom, there are about 50 to 500 enterprises. Compared with foreign counties, enterprises are rare. However, this year, the Korean Broadcasting Commission will select and help fund certain community radio enterprises, and the gap of radio enterprises will narrow.  

When heavy earthquakes hit Kobe, Japan, key broadcasting stations announced the total number of casualties. On the other hand, community radio told people where they could find safe sleeping accommodations and get food. Rather than just giving out formal data, the practical information was helpful to the refugees.
 Now, community radio is giving useful information to village people. The new lines up of programs contain information for homemakers, immigrant workers and storekeepers. These various and general radio listeners actively take part in the programs. Here are some examples of what can be done.

 -Function of observation (Politics and Social affairs)
Community radio can inform local residents how local politicians fulfill their political affairs. If the residents’ interest is increased, their interests and concerns about politics will be reflected in establishing policy. As a result, politics can be revitalized; and community radio can note crime incidents or environmental pollution.

 -Extending local customs and traditions 
Community radio can find out about precious local customs and traditions and introduce them to the local community. Through this work, a local culture can be revitalized.

 -Provides an escape from central radio stations’ broadcasting
Community radio gives possible alternatives for the listeners, and keeps a balance of programming.

 -Cultivating a community spirit
Community radio can tell and encourage people to participate in developing the local community. Through this process, people can become aware of what their local community represents.

 -Giving a chance to the disadvantaged or minorities
Finding opinions from the underprivileged or minorities in media are hard. Community radio gives access to them. Thus, the diversities in society will increase. 

Compared to television, people’s opinions are less filtered in radio programs. This is one reason radio is humane and arouses listener’s sympathy. Among huge radio broadcasting studios, community radio started to expand its influence little by little. These days, citizens easily become unimaginative, because of their busy life. Through a reinvigoration of community radio, people can recover the vitality in their life.

< 저작권자 © 중앙헤럴드 무단전재 및 재배포금지 >
손진상 reporter의 다른기사 보기  
폰트키우기 폰트줄이기 프린트하기 메일보내기 신고하기
트위터 페이스북 미투데이 요즘 네이버 구글 msn 뒤로가기 위로가기
이 기사에 대한 댓글 이야기 (0)
자동등록방지용 코드를 입력하세요!   
확인
- 200자까지 쓰실 수 있습니다. (현재 0 byte / 최대 400byte)
- 욕설등 인신공격성 글은 삭제 합니다. [운영원칙]
이 기사에 대한 댓글 이야기 (0)
 
신문사소개기사제보광고문의불편신고청소년보호정책개인정보취급방침이메일무단수집거부
06974) 서울특별시 동작구 흑석로 84 중앙대학교 310관(100주년기념관) B201호 중앙헤럴드 | 전화 02-881-7363
명칭 : 중앙헤럴드 | 인터넷총괄책임자 : 편집국장 | 게시판총괄책임자 : 편집국장 | 청소년보호책임자 : 편집국장
중앙헤럴드의 모든 콘텐츠는 저작권법의 보호를 받은바, 무단 전재와 복사, 배포 등을 금합니다.
Copyright 2019 중앙헤럴드. All rights reserved. mail to webmaster@cauon.net