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To Become a Beloved President
Byun Ji-Young  |  merry08@cau.ac.kr
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승인 2017.08.06  20:07:58
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The presidential election in the USA last November made Trump as the president. Emmanuel Macron became president of France on the 7th of May. Also, Jae-In Moon became president of Korea on the 9th of May’s presidential election. As the terms “global world” and “global citizen” are widely used, international relationships affect each other’s politics, economics, and societies. The presidents, who are the superior politicians in their respective countries and running the governments with their own promises, have something to do with this. 1. Difference in institutional laws First of all, citizens in France elect presidents directly and they can serve consecutively. Also, the term of president is five years. Particularly, the presidential election in France is held two times. If they hold a majority in the first election, the candidate becomes president. However, up until now, this case hasn’t happened yet. In the Macron case, they also had a final election to select their president. The two candidates who get the most votes are the subject of the final election. The right to vote is given to those over 18 years old. Secondly, in the USA, unlike in France and in Korea, the election system is quite complicated to understand. The most distinct difference is that the USA holds an indirect election system. If a candidate is decided by party competition, they also have to be chosen by the Electoral College. The Electoral College votes for president instead of all the country’s citizens. If the candidate receives more than 270 votes from the Electoral College from representing all states, the candidate can become president of USA. An American president can serve a maximum of two terms. As in France, the voting age is over 18 years old. Lastly Korea holds a direct election and voters must be over 19 years old. The method to elect president is a direct system. The same as in France and in the US, only one candidate can register in one party, so they may need to hold an election in each party to choose one person who fits and represents it the best. However, the term of president is for one 5-year period. 2. New president from each country. a. Trump Trump is one of the richest people in the USA. Through business, entertainment and politics in the USA, he finally become elected president in November of last year. He usually makes statements related with nationalism. And those statements are regarded as the extreme right politically. Also, he has been controversial in that he made lots of inappropriate promises during the campaign. On the other hand, some professionals consider him as a person who has opinion philosophy of populism. It is one of the form of politics that populists represent the majority of people’s desires and wants. Representative promises of Trump are protectionism and eliminating illegal immigrants, which is supported mainly by lower income groups amongst white people. Not only that, he advocates for reducing corporate taxes and the abolition of inheritance taxes. Also, he maintained that he will abolish Obamacare, which is deeply related with medical insurance, to reduce the burden to the national budget. b. Emmanuel Macron Macron is a centrist and his representative pledges are Europe-friendly and corporate-friendly. Not only that, he has tried to reduce regulations on corporations and has tried to relieve the laws about labor times and dismissals. As Merkel, the Chancellor of Germany who has a big influence on the EU has shown her support of him, France is considered in the EU as an essential country due to its international policy. They also think the EU is important for the growth and stability of its member nations. Through public investment, they want to refresh social infrastructure and declared that they will make financially rich countries by reducing the number of officials and through the modernization of governmental systems. Macron is only 39 years old, which is young compared to other presidents. So, many people expect him to implement new policy and demonstrate flexible behaviors. Also, his wife Bridget, who is the mother of Macron’s friend, has also become an issue as she has become the first lady of France. c. Jae-In Moon Jae-in Moon is from the Democratic Party known as the Deo-bul-eo Democracy. Its name means “together democracy.” He was a candidate in the last election and challenged again this year. He became president by getting the most votes compare to the secondary candidate named Jun-pyo Hong, who is regarded as being from the extreme right. His representative promise is creating occupations in the public sector to increase the employment rate and entirely reform the authority and decomposition of rich people and corporate business owners. Increasing the number of jobs in the public sector is controversial among private enterprises. Some people also worry about pensions for public officers. Not only that, during the campaign, his promises were often focused on controversial problems, yet his support rate was the highest among the candidates. After the debates, promises, and the campaign, people made up their mind and he finally become the president of Korea. In international areas, he has called with the representative of many countries, like Russia, China, the USA, India, and so on. Also, in diplomatic parts, he told he will reinforce the alliance between the USA and Korea, and discuss about the THADD problem which causes discord with China. 3. Interesting things about President There are lots of people who want to be candidates and to get power, so they should promote themselves interestingly. One of the examples of promotion is the slogans they make to promote their values. If these slogans are made impressively, they affect their supporting rates, too, For example, in the case of Trump, his slogan was “Make America Great Again.” This slogan shows well about his promises and his values. Some Americans showed lots of enthusiasm about this slogan and his speeches. Secondly, Jae-in Moon’s pictures with animals telling about how he has raised dogs and cats for a long time makes his image friendly and soft. Also, it interested people that he adopted abandoned dogs and later won a prize, reinforcing this friendly image. To become president in a democratic society, national citizens’ support is essential. So, who is the president that people want? People have different desires and wants, so it could be hard to satisfy all people. So, the elected president should try hard to make their promises come true. Also, they must run the government neutrally between rich and poor groups and right and left leaning sides. Not only that, to remain well in the history books and to get good evaluations by future generations, all of them should try their best.< 저작권자 © 중앙헤럴드 무단전재 및 재배포금지 >
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