중앙헤럴드  시작페이지설정  즐겨찾기추가
최종편집 : 2018.7.19 목 12:12
CoverControversial Issues
Let's Help Our Children Breathe Clean Air
Pyun Do-young  |  dpyun@cau.ac.kr
폰트키우기 폰트줄이기 프린트하기 메일보내기 신고하기
승인 2018.05.08  20:43:37
트위터 페이스북 미투데이 요즘 네이버 구글 msn
According to Forbes, in many Asian cities, a generation of children is growing up that rarely sees blue skies. It is one of the most pernicious threats to health now. Every year, 6.5 million die from diseases caused by indoor and outdoor air pollution, such as respiratory diseases and lung cancer. Strikingly, more than half of these deaths occur in Asian countries, mostly China and India. Korea is not immune to this trend. Cities everywhere have urged against the air pollution and make climate commitments rather than waiting for their national governments to take action. Beijing, which is notorious for its air pollution, is adopting vehicle emission standards that are stricter than the national ones. By 2020, the city plans to replace more than 70,000 gasoline and diesel taxis with electric vehicles and establish 435,000 charging stations in the area. German cities have adopted low-emission-zones (LEZ) which allow only vehicles that emit low levels of air pollutants to enter these designated areas. Vehicles are categorized into four mutually exclusive classes based on their emissions. Overall, 46 million German cars, buses and trucks are required to display a colored windshield sticker indicating the vehicle class. LEZ have significantly improved air quality in German cities as fine dust pollution on main streets decreased by nine percent on average. This result is promising because other measures to reduce air pollution, like building ring roads encircling a city or advertising public transport, had no significant positive effect. Studies estimate a net benefit of LEZ of about one billion dollar in Germany: while the health benefits are worth two billion dollars. Germany’s LEZ goes in compliance with EU law which requires a yearly average of 40 micrograms per cubic meter (µg/m3) and a daily average of 50 µg/m3 set for particulate matter (fine dust) smaller than 10 micrometers (PM10, particulate matter of 10 micro-millimeters) . The daily average may not be exceeded on more than 35 days per calendar year. This standard is stricter than the Korean standards on fine dust not exceeding 100 micrograms per cubic meter during a 24 hour average level, and not 50 µg in the case of ultrafine dust (PM2.5, particulate matter of 2.5 micro-millimeters). The effectiveness of LEZ depends on close cooperation between cities’ government and the Federal government. The German Federal Environmental Agency (Umweltbudesamt) complies the data reported by federal states and municipalities on their low emission zones. The individual municipalities are responsible for accuracy and up-to-datedness of data. In Korea, public opinion has been divided over the Seoul Metropolitan Government’s move to combat worsening fine dust pollution. All influential political figures seem to have a say in the matter on their own. It is time for the Korean people to ponder a harmonized way to deal with the matter so that our generation of children can have a decent chance to breathe clean air in our cities.< 저작권자 © 중앙헤럴드 무단전재 및 재배포금지 >
폰트키우기 폰트줄이기 프린트하기 메일보내기 신고하기
트위터 페이스북 미투데이 요즘 네이버 구글 msn 뒤로가기 위로가기
이 기사에 대한 댓글 이야기 (0)
자동등록방지용 코드를 입력하세요!   
확인
- 200자까지 쓰실 수 있습니다. (현재 0 byte / 최대 400byte)
- 욕설등 인신공격성 글은 삭제 합니다. [운영원칙]
이 기사에 대한 댓글 이야기 (0)
 
신문사소개기사제보광고문의불편신고청소년보호정책개인정보취급방침이메일무단수집거부
우)156-756 서울 동작구 흑석동 221 학생문화관 2층 언론매체부(중대신문 편집국) | 전화 02-820-6245
팩스 02-817-9347 | 인터넷총괄책임 : 방송국장 | 게시판총괄책임 : 편집국장| 청소년보호책임자 : 김다혜
Copyright 2011 중앙헤럴드. All rights reserved. mail to webmaster@cauon.net