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최종편집 : 2019.10.10 목 18:58
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AI’s Novels Are Not Novel
Song Na-hyun  |  kikina2@cau.ac.kr
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승인 2019.04.14  23:17:12
트위터 페이스북 미투데이 요즘 네이버 구글 msn

 

The word ‘novel’ in itself refers to a novel, ‘a book that people read’, but it also implies the meaning of ‘an originality’. As the overall meaning of the word ‘novel’ shows, it should be 'a new story about human life.' It is true that countless Artificial Intelligences (AIs) are also bringing out their own new creations. However, can we say the stories that they have made are truly 'novel' works? To get closer to the answer, we need to look how AIs produce their own works.
 
All AIs make decisions by artificial neural networks, which consist of countless artificial nerves. In order for this artificial neural network to think, it must go through a training process, which is called ‘a machine learning’. In this process, they must analyze and find out the patterns of data. Based on the accumulated characteristics and analysis through several processes, AIs produce the desired results for the users. However, where does all data for training come from? It’s all from the existing data. In this regard, can we say that its work is (a) novel?
         
          Moreover, there is no ‘thinking’ or ‘suffering’ in AI’s work. Literature is said to be the most beautiful flower a man can bloom. This name has been given to literature because it contains the agony and stories that only humans can experience in their own way. Then, can AI feel emotions? Albert Einstein, the world's famous scientist, said, “Computers are incredibly fast, accurate, and stupid.” In other words, computer-based AIs only work because of humans, so it is almost impossible to think by themselves. In this regard, it is also nonsense to say that AI, which is incapable of thinking by itself, writes its work based on experience.
 
Inspired by the field of literature, AIs have been actively engaged in producing works, and even passed the 1st round of the Shinichi Literature Contest in 2016. Of course, it is true that their achievements are surprising in terms of the literature, which is based on numerous experiences and moments of emotion. It shows that AI technology has developed a lot. Nevertheless, considering various aspects of the definition of literature, it would be better to regard AI's work as a result of data analysis rather than literature.
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