최종편집 : 2020.5.21 목 20:08
Campus Report News Culture Herald View Herald Class English broadcastiong Herald 500
NewsControversial Issues
Benefits to Be Given to Those Who are Really in Need
Jeong Ye-rim  |  aiq0524@cau.ac.kr
폰트키우기 폰트줄이기 프린트하기 메일보내기 신고하기
승인 2020.05.17  23:59:19
트위터 페이스북 미투데이 요즘 네이버 구글 msn

 

   
▲ https://busy.org/@hooiyewlim/my-view-on-universal-basic-income

Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, the economy continues to suffer as the consumption by small business owners and self-employed people has decreased significantly as people are mostly staying indoors. At a time when the situation is expected to be prolonged, people have come up with the introduction of a Basic Disaster Income. The majority of those in favor believe that a basic disaster income could revive the slowing economy. Will introducing a basic disaster income really help the economy recover? Unfortunately, others believe that the introduction of a basic disaster income will only add to social chaos. Let's find out in detail why negative public opinion exists to the introduction of a basic disaster income and what side effects can be caused by its introduction.

 

When it comes to economic welfare resulting from the COVID-19 epidemic, selective welfare is more urgent than universal welfare. Universal welfare would be provided to all people, regardless of their social status. This is the case for free school meals for example. On the contrary, selective welfare is welfare provided to only qualified people, which is an example of economically supporting low-income residents. In basic disaster income, the word "basic income" corresponds to “universal welfare”. Thanks to the fact that the government pays all people, a basic disaster income has received a lot of favorable responses. However, some feel that a basic disaster income should be provided as selective welfare, not universal welfare. Small business owners and self-employed people are expected to suffer the most during the COVID-19 epidemic. In fact, 97.6% of the respondents said their sales declined after the COVID-19 epidemic, according to the survey conducted by Korea Federation of Micro Enterprise in February this year. Relatively less affected professionals and high-income earners all receiving the same support will only widen the economic gap between the two groups. Therefore, we should discuss a basic disaster income after first implementing selective welfare to support the people who need the help most. Emergency loans for small business owners, which need to be paid as soon as possible, are not yet even fully implemented due to a lack of funds. This is the reason why some point out that a basic disaster income is premature.
 
The second reason is due to the payment method of a basic disaster income. Let's take a closer look at the methods proposed by politicians who approve of a basic disaster income. In the case of Gyeonggi-do Governor Lee Jae-myung, he proposed a local currency that expires three months after the payment date as a means of basic disaster income, similarly with Seoul Mayor Park Won-soon who proposed a mobile regional love gift card or prepaid card. The method of payment of basic disaster income is generally expected to use local currency or gift certificates available only at small businesses that promote rapid consumption instead of simply giving cash. However, neither method can be considered completely risk free. This is because it has already been criticized for its low effectiveness before the COVID-19 epidemic. Consumers who are not familiar with the local currency are likely to find it difficult to actively use, although they seem to offer averagely 100,000 won to all Gyeonggi residents at no cost. If so, the 100,000 won provided in local currency cannot be regarded as a genuine basic income, also it is difficult to bring about the effect of boosting consumption through the local currency, and gift certificates suggested by politicians need to be replaced if they fail to function properly, but no measures are in place to do so at the moment.
 
The fact that it is impossible to secure the budget needed for basic disaster income also makes us hesitate to introduce basic disaster income. First, let’s look at the case of Gyeonggi-do, where the provincial council recently passed a bill to introduce a basic disaster income. As of February 2020, Gyeonggi-do had a population of about 13.26 million. It would take 1.3 trillion won to provide 100,000 won each to member the population, the Maeil Business Newspaper estimated. How to secure the budget is the most important part for Gyeonggi-do Gov. Lee Jae-myung, who claimed that the budget can be covered by the Disaster Management Fund, the Disaster Relief Fund and the Regional Development Fund. However, this is a problem that is limited to Gyeonggi-do, which can ensure a smooth budget procurement. Gyeonggi-do topped the revenue budget list, according to the Ministry of Public Administration and Security's integrated local financial disclosure system in 2019. Unlike Gyeonggi-do, which is economically secure, local governments that cannot fulfill such large budgets cannot provide basic disaster income well. As a result, all local governments need support from the federal government to properly implement a basic disaster income, but the federal government's budget is currently not enough to execute these additional demands. Hong Nam-ki, deputy prime minister for economic affairs, said, "There is a possibility that it will be an off-beat policy to release money when the use of basic disaster income is not clear," and that the urgent COVID-19 epidemic should be strategically responded to in order.
 
As mentioned above, however, the basic disaster income disregards the logic of selective welfare, which provides welfare only to those in need, no stable payment method has been prepared for the basic disaster income, and budget execution for a basic disaster income is difficult. People who are tired of the COVID-19 epidemic may be happy to hear that economic aid is coming, but welfare is not free. If the current basic disaster income is introduced, it will suffer losses in either place. Forcing a basic disaster income could have a negative impact on the future economy. Therefore, if we do our best on the original economic policies before proceeding with basic disaster income and carry out the support policy using government funds sequentially, as Deputy Prime Minister Hong Nam-ki mentioned, we will be able to smoothly resolve the current situation that seems difficult to overcome.
< 저작권자 © 중앙헤럴드 무단전재 및 재배포금지 >
폰트키우기 폰트줄이기 프린트하기 메일보내기 신고하기
트위터 페이스북 미투데이 요즘 네이버 구글 msn 뒤로가기 위로가기
이 기사에 대한 댓글 이야기 (0)
자동등록방지용 코드를 입력하세요!   
확인
- 200자까지 쓰실 수 있습니다. (현재 0 byte / 최대 400byte)
- 욕설등 인신공격성 글은 삭제 합니다. [운영원칙]
이 기사에 대한 댓글 이야기 (0)
Most Read Articles
1
Kingdom
2
The National Petition Needs Changes
3
Why did You Change Your Party’s Name?
4
Creative Spaces: Show Off Your Creativity!
5
A Writer Who Unravels People's Pain In Poems, Lee So-youn
6
An Economic Crisis Caused by COVID-19
7
Benefits to Be Given to Those Who are Really in Need
8
Online Lectures, Is This Okay?
9
Audition Program, It’s Not Over till It’s Over!
10
Purium Installed in Building 310 to reduce the damage of COVID-19
Recent Articles
1
Pursue some path, however narrow and crooked, in which you can walk with love and reverence. - Henry David Thoreau
2
A Writer Who Unravels People's Pain In Poems, Lee So-youn
3
Past Comment Disclosure, For A Healthier Internet Culture
4
Open Interactive AI Chatbot Service
5
Resignation of the Vice President of Student Council
6
Purium Installed in Building 310 to reduce the damage of COVID-19
7
CAU Makes an Agreement with KEPRI
8
Crisis into Opportunity
9
Why did You Change Your Party’s Name?
10
The National Petition Needs Changes
 
신문사소개기사제보광고문의불편신고청소년보호정책개인정보취급방침이메일무단수집거부
06974) 서울특별시 동작구 흑석로 84 중앙대학교 310관(100주년기념관) B201호 중앙헤럴드 | 전화 02-881-7363
명칭 : 중앙헤럴드 | 인터넷총괄책임자 : 편집국장 | 게시판총괄책임자 : 편집국장 | 청소년보호책임자 : 편집국장
중앙헤럴드의 모든 콘텐츠는 저작권법의 보호를 받은바, 무단 전재와 복사, 배포 등을 금합니다.
Copyright 2019 중앙헤럴드. All rights reserved. mail to webmaster@cauon.net