Every October, the winners of the Nobel Prize, an event that attracts many people's attention, are announced. The Nobel Prize is an annual award given to those who contribute to the welfare of mankind by the Nobel Foundation (and the winner is called the Nobel Laureate). For 2019, the selection has already been completed and the Nobel Prize ceremony is only waiting to be held in the Oslo City Hall, Norway, on December 10th. Let's find out who some Nobel Peace Prize winners of the past are, and why they became “heroes”.
[2014, The Youngest Nobel Peace Prize Winner, Small Giant - 'Malala Yousafzai']
Malala Yousafzai is a girl who was born in 1997. She was deeply hurt when she claimed that Pakistan women also have the right to education. Yousafzai was shot in the head in 2012 by the Taliban, who couldn't accept her words. Fortunately, she survived the gunshot. Overcoming her injury, which might have killed someone else, Yousafzai continued the 'education movement' for women. That is why she was awarded the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize. It's not just trauma that she endured. She also fought against the Pakistani people's perception and criticism that women do not need to be educated.
[2018 The Strongest Woman in the World, Who Overcame the War - 'Nadia Murad']
In the case of Nadia Murad, she was born in Yazidi, an Iraq minority tribe. The 'Yajidi’ tribe suffers a lot from the oppression and constant suppression of IS militants. Indeed, Murad was kidnapped by. Because of this, as an affront to human rights, she spent painful time in sex slavery. It happened in 2014, which was just five years ago. After a dramatic escape from IS, she took the lead in resolving war sexual violence. Murad was awarded the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of her efforts to eliminate war sexual violence.
[Who will be the 100th winner of the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize? Greta Thunberg V.S. Abiy Ahmed Ali]
Then, who will be the laureate of Nobel Peace Prize in 2019? As this year is the 100th Nobel Peace Prize, many people have been paying attention. Let's meet the two candidates who received the most attention.
Unlike previous nominees and winners, 16-year-old Greta Thunberg, born in 2003 is a girl who advocated for environmental protection of the Earth. In her UN speech, she urged representatives from various countries, saying, "We need to deal with climate change on Earth for future generations to live on Earth." This soon lead to action. Thunberg continued the demonstration by skipping school every Friday in a one-person protest in front of the parliament building in Stockholm, Sweden. This led to the global climate movement "Friday for Future," which brought millions of students from around the world together. Furthermore, the movement expanded to protest climate disasters and refuse to go to school every Friday. Ironically, however, her actions have sometimes become the object of ridicule and criticism. It is because she is a child and has been diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome. Despite this, Thunberg remained unwavering, posting on Twitter: "If some haters start pointing out what they look like, or what they're different from others, proof they're in a dead-end alley."
Another candidate, Abiy Ahmed Ali, is an Ethiopian Prime Minister who took office in April last year. He has taken unusual steps since take office, ending a state of emergency and releasing thousands of political criminals. In response, he began to contribute to world peace by drawing up a joint declaration of a peace treaty with Eritrea. And ceased the 20-year-old territorial dispute. In recognition of these achievements, he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. As a result, he won the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize. Nicknamed as the "Preacher of Peace," who ended the war that killed nearly 70,000 people, he was honored by the 100th Nobel Peace Prize. However, there is one controversial issue. An anti-government protest broke out in Ethiopiawithin two weeks after Ali's Nobel Peace Prize was confirmed. Aside from this internal situation, his Nobel Peace Prize laureate seems to be widely acknowledged, given that he saved the lives of countless people through his peace treaty.
So far, we can see that most Nobel Peace Prize winners had listened to the voices of the "disadvantaged." The Nobel Peace Prize winners have so far been chosen regardless of age, gender, or race. They delivered great emotion to the world where they belong. CAH hopes that many people who will be chosen as candidates, including the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize winners, will not cringe under the gaze and oppression of their surroundings and keep their beliefs moving forward to the end.
 If you want specific information regarding Ethiopian anti-government protests, I recommend you read a next page article by Park Ji-eun reporter.